The 3D laser scanning method is the safe and easy way to have complete digital information about any building and historical monument in the cultural and natural heritage. The information collected in 3D format ensures the successful digitization of the patrimony project by scanning 3D monuments and buildings.
The result of the 3D laser scanning process is to obtain a digital copy of the monument or building studied. Thus, 3D data helps architects, architects, archaeologists and historians to restore historical monuments with a very good accuracy and with much lower costs.
Also, the digital copy of the monument or historical building from the built heritage contributes to:
- conservation and protection of national heritage;
- developing and promoting tourism in the region;
- preserving, in the most accurate and safe way, the patrimony to future generations;
Where can the 3D laser scanning method be used for patrimony digitization?
The 3D laser scanning method can be used both for the built heritage digitization project and for natural heritage digitization, namely:
- memorial houses
- historical monuments
- historical objects
Why use the 3D laser scanning method for built-in patrimony built in Romania?
The advantages of the built and natural heritage digitization project in Romania by scanning 3D monuments are:
- The result in the Patrimony Digitization Project through 3D Monuments and Buildings Scan is a real metric 3D model of the scanned object offering the possibility of spatial analysis of it.
- The cloud of points obtained for patrimony digitization by 3D laser scanning allows the realization of a real molding with a millimeter precision of the object of interest.
- The ability to attach a texture (a high-clarity picture) that becomes a metric by applying it to the 3D model.
- Possibility to monitor the objective by performing successive scanning and implicitly monitoring the behavior of the construction in time.
- Later on, data obtained through the 3D Monument Scanning method can be used as virtual 3D images to create a virtual 3D museum or to develop tourism.
3D modeling is the mathematical representation of any three-dimensional object using CAD-specific programs. The created product is called 3D Model. This 3D model can be of two kinds: solid – which is the volume of the object created in the form full (like a regular shape stone), the second kind of 3D model is in the form of shells / boundaries – they are represented by constant surfaces to certain edges of the object that define its shape.
BIM – building information modeling – takes the 3D modeling process to the level where each 3D model can be interrogated and contains some building and functionality information that the user can use to better exploit the 3D object. Practically, BIM represents the 3D model linked to a complex and easy-to-use database that can expand to 4D – representing the time side and 5D cost side.